From ideas to action: Malawi

Factsheet: Malawi

  • – Nicknamed “the warm heart of Africa”, the Republic of Malawi is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
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  • – As per a 2018 census, is composed of more than 12 ethnics groups, the largest of which, the Chewa, only composes 34.4% of the total population.
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  • – Malawi is a majority Christian country, with a significant Muslim minority. Government surveys indicate that 87% of the country is Christian, with a minority 11.6% Islamic population.
  • – The country is one of the least developed in the world, with its GDP mostly based on agriculture (1/3rd). Its HDI was ranked 171st (at 0.477) out of 187 by the UN in 2017.
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  • – Malawi has a very low average life expectancy, while its infant mortality is one of the highest in the world. This is due to a poor health system, and the strong presence of HIV/AIDS.
  • – The government, a democratic, multi-party government headed by elected president Peter Mutharika, is well aware of these issues and has implemented programs to address them since 2005, all the while striving to become financially independent.
  • – Despite these issues, the population is forecast to grow to over 45 million people by 2050, nearly tripling the estimated 16 million in 2010.
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  • – The currency is the Malawi Kwacha which sees an inflation of 11.5% and trades at 0.00124 EUR on 26 November 2019. Symbol: KWA.